학술지공학교육연구20권 5호 59~73p / 2017년 09월
This study aims to examine whether a gender works to make the difference on the university experiences of natural sciences and
engineering major students; and the income and quality gap between the graduates. In this study, university experiences means job
market and job searching related experiences such as job fair attending, The main research questions are as follows; fist, what are
the significant university experiences related job preparation and application, and is there a gender gap on those experiences? Second,
how is the job market performance of the national sciences and engineering graduates for their income level and quality job, and
is there a gender gap on the job market performance of the sample? Third, which variables among the university experiences for
job searching and application impacts the job quality and income level of the natural sciences and engineering graduates? To find
out the research results, this study conducts a panel data analysis with GOMS (Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey) throughout
survey year of 2006 to 2015, towards 568,264 as weighted value number. As analysis methods, this study carries out a descriptive
analysis, ANOVA, discriminant analysis, linear regression and T-test. Therefore, here are the brief outputs of the study; first, for
natural sciences and engineering students, the off-campus experiences such as job fair, job recruit festival and internship programs
are more favored; second, female students are more likely to attend personal and self-driven job preparation programs; third, on job
market performance, the graduates’ income level and company scale rate are higher in the male but job stability is higher in the
female; fourth, as a result of the linear regression, gender factor decides the income level in considerable degree; additionally, gender
factor shows the difference of the job satisfaction and self-effectiveness on one’s job as a qualitative variables. For obtaining strictness,
university program factors are controlled through model fitness process. As above, this study finds out the main factors of university
life of natural sciences and engineering graduates which are related their job searching and preparation experiences and figures out
stronger factors in job market; and examines the statistically significance of the gender in this casual-effect relationship between job
preparation and job quality of the graduates.
학술지공학교육연구20권 5호 50~58p / 2017년 09월
The purpose of this study is to explore the core competencies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the major newspaper articles
of social network analysis and to examine the core competencies required by each field and target. To do this, we reviewed prior
research focusing on core competency concepts and core competencies of engineering students, and analyzed 227 articles related to
core competencies of the 4th Industrial Revolution, focusing on five major newspapers. Through analysis, we analyzed social network
with 118 refined core competency keywords. As a result of the research, it was found that core competencies of the 4th Industrial
Revolution are the degree centrality in terms 'creativity', 'problem solving ability', 'convergence ability', 'collaboration ability', 'conductivity',
'software ability', 'human literacy', ‘personality’ order. Also, as a result of the analysis of the ego centric network by field and target,
the required core competencies of university and industry were found to be different. Through these discussions, it is necessary to
restructure the core competence of engineering students in order to nurture the engineering talents necessary for the 4th Industrial
학술지공학교육연구20권 5호 43~49p / 2017년 09월
This paper deals with inter-relationship change of women’s university students on the process of SW development project using social
collaboration tool. Inter-relationship is one of the basic vocational competency in NCS(National Competency Standards) of Korea.
We redesigned the curriculum of “Software Engineering“ subject for this study and composed the project teams of students to develop
software. The details of inter-relationship are satisfaction, communication, faith, friendliness, sensitivity, openness and consideration.
From the result of this study, faith, openness and consideration have positive effect but satisfaction, communication, friendliness and
sensitivity have no meaningful effect. The surveys were conducted in the beginning of semester and the same surveys were conducted
again in the end of semester. The results were verified by paired t-test with SPSS 18.0. It is significant that the using of social
collaboration tool for team project has positive effect on inter-relationship change, especially faith of women’s university students.
This study has some limitations for generalization but has meaning as new trial to enlarge the basic vocational competency of students
in major subject, “Software Engineering“. We expect new study for inter-relationship change of students to evaluate generality based
on the proposed method in this paper.
학술지공학교육연구20권 5호 34~42p / 2017년 09월
This study aimed to identify the causal relationships among self-regulated learning strategy, problem solving efficacy, task value and learning
outcome, and mediation effect of self-regulated learning strategy in engineering capstone design course. The data were collected from 363
university students who enrolled in capstone design courses and analyzed using structural equation modeling method. The results were:
first, problem-solving efficacy and task value exerted significant effects on self-regulated learning strategy. Second, self-regulated learning
strategy exerted significant effects on learning outcome, but problem-solving efficacy and task value did not. Third, problem-solving efficacy
and task value showed significant indirect effects on learning outcome, which confirmed that self-regulated learning strategy fully mediated
between two exogenous variables and learning outcome.
학술지공학교육연구20권 5호 23~33p / 2017년 09월
It is examined that how flipped learning and mind-wandering affect an idea generation task. For the purpose, the participants in the
idea generation task are divided into two groups to learn SIT(Systematic Inventive Thinking) and BCC(Business Creativity Codes) as
idea generating tools in advance. One group learned the tools in a classroom, and the other group through an online education program.
The creativity level of an idea is evaluated in the dimensions of originality, practicality, and realizability. The creativity levels of the
ideas from the two groups are not statistically different in all the three creativity dimensions. To examine the effect of mind-wandering,
another group generated ideas two hours a day in four days instead of eight hours in one day. The creativity levels of the ideas from
the third group are higher in the dimensions of originality and practicality. This shows that the effectiveness of flipped learning is not
so different from the face-to-face learning in a classroom, and mind-wandering has a positive effect in the learning.
학술지공학교육연구20권 5호 14~22p / 2017년 09월
This research aims to explore characteristics of engineering students’ thinking styles compared with those of undergraduate students
in Korea. For this, we investigated whether there were differences of thinking styles in undergraduates according to majors and gender.
'Thinking styles', one individual-difference variable, has received particular attention in recent years. Styles are not abilities but rather
refer to individuals' preferred way of applying their abilities in cognitive tasks(Sternberg, 1988). There has been much research(domestic
and foreign) about thinking styles and their related factors. However, to date, little attention has been paid to engineering students’
thinking styles, and few studies have dealt with them together with undergraduate students’ of various majors. This study was conducted
with a total of 865 students from 3 universities, and thinking styles have been measured online. Our findings show that firstly, there
were significant differences in undergraduate students’ thinking styles by majors. Engineering students scored significantly higher in
external style, students majoring in humanities scored higher in executive, hierarchical and conservative styles, and students majoring
in arts scored higher in legislative, internal and liberal styles. Second, there was a significant difference in students’ thinking styles
by gender. Male students scored significantly higher than females in judicial, global and external styles. Whereas female students
scored higher than males in hierarchical and internal styles. Third, there was a significant difference in engineering students’ thinking
styles by gender. Male engineering students scored significantly higher than females in judicial and monarchic styles. Whereas female
engineering students scored significantly higher in hierarchical styles. Based on these findings, it is expected to apply thinking styles
to develop related courses as well as programs for engineering students.
학술지공학교육연구20권 5호 3~13p / 2017년 09월
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect that completing long-term on-site training with varying grades of success
had on the job satisfaction of former university students after obtaining employment. Although the grades themselves achieved during
long-term on-site training did not directly affect job satisfaction, positive effects on job satisfaction were shown due to the mediating
effects of job match and organizational commitment. The results of this study are as follows: First, it was found that employees
who participated in long-term on-site training showed different results in belonging and attachment to their organizations according
to their achievement. The higher the grades during long-term on-site training, the higher the degree of reported job match and organizational
commitment, suggesting a positive correlation with job satisfaction. Therefore, long-term on-site training should not be operated as
simply a program for temporary experiential learning, but instead should be optimized by companies and schools to motivate their
students to achieve high grades for the purpose of their future job satisfaction.
학술지공학교육연구20권 4호 67~72p / 2017년 07월
It was only 2010 when start-up education spread to undergraduate education in South Korea. Start-up education was conducted so
late that there are insufficient studies of evaluation and feedback on the effectiveness of start-up education. Education is a complex
concept of teaching people in a desirable direction and developing their inherent abilities. Based on this, start-up education can be
defined as cultivating students’ entrepreneurial spirit internally and making them exhibit start-up competence externally by teaching
them the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for business start-up and developing abilities such as creativity, challenge spirit
and problem-solving skills. This study conducted pre and post survey to check if the education camp for the technology start-up,
which is a practice-oriented start-up education, has an effect on the change .of the participating students’ perceptions about the business
start-up. This study would analyze various factors of college students’ business start-up through a factorial analysis so that the quantitative
accumulation of start-up education can lead to a qualitative change and propose measures for the management of the quality of the
학술지공학교육연구20권 4호 61~66p / 2017년 07월
Automatic flow control system composed by hardware and software was designed and fabricated to be used as teaching tool of feedback
control theory in university experimental class. This system includes hardwares like data acquisition board, flow measuring device,
transmitters, and the pneumatic valve, and software like LabView program for the monitoring and control of flow rates. The system
was designed as the student can see the control effect of not only set point but also disturbance changes. Also the LabView program
was composed for the calculation of controller parameters of both Ziegler-Nichols and Cohen-Coon tuning. The students can apply
both tuning constants and compare the control performances. This system will provide the easy way for the students to understand
the function and specification of control hardwares, and to raise the programing ability of control software.
학술지공학교육연구20권 4호 51~60p / 2017년 07월
The purpose of this research is to analyze the educational experiences of competent engineering students and finding the reason
why they invest their time and efforts engaging in school activities. Five students with high GPA, high K-CESA scores and successful
employment or entrance test scores, participated in the survey and the interview. In checking their responses, their activities’ records
were gathered from school DB. According to the modified framework based on the personal investment theory, the interviews, survey
and DB records were analyzed on the sense of self, the social cultural environment, and pattern of behaviors in schools. The competent
engineering students are able to manage themselves, in maintaining a good relationship with the collegiate, and in having high self-efficiency.
They also tend to put effort into their studies and participate in inbound and outbound school activities. At the last part, freshmen
foundation, relationship within college, students' activity related future career, economic stability during studies are suggested for supporting
students in universities.