학술지공학교육연구22권 1호 16~21p / 2019년 01월
This study deals with empathic concern in the age of the fourth industrial revolution. A study, investigating emotional and empathic
responses towards a situation of negative human-robot interaction, was conducted using mobile surveys and self-reports. In total, 116
subjects were recruited regardless of their disciplinary and demographic backgrounds. For data analysis, a mixed method was used.
Results show that people differ in emotional and empathic responses in human-robot interaction. This individual difference was influenced
by educational backgrounds and gender. Suggestions for engineering education were discussed.
학술지공학교육연구22권 1호 3~15p / 2019년 01월
In this study, we analyzed professors' performance of teaching in college of science and engineering from the perspective of the CHAT.
Two professors volunteered to participate in this study. Their syllabi were collected before the lectures, and their lectures were observed
and videotaped. Semi-structured interviews were conducted before and after their lectures. The CHAT components were classified into
‘subjects’, ‘objects’, ‘rules’, ‘communities’, ‘division of labor’, and ‘tools’. We extracted the content of six CHAT components from
the data and constructed the analysis framework based on the extracted contents. The analyses of the results revealed that both professors
had difficulties due to the contradictions among the components of subject, object, rules, and community in the activity system. Both
professors used various strategies to relieve the contradiction related to students’ ability, such as inviting students to participate in their
lecture. However the extent of providing opportunities to students to participate was different between two professors. Meanwhile, both
professors preferred to continue their own strategies, because they observed positive changes in students’ learning. In other words, the
success experiences of two professors influenced their performances of teaching. We discussed some suggestions to improve the quality
of the lecture in the college of science and engineering.
학술지공학교육연구21권 6호 118~127p / 2018년 11월
Recently, universities have applied a living lab as a user-led innovation model. This study analyzed two cases, British Columbia
University, and D University. They are trying to change current provider-centered and expert-centered education model which encounters
the limitations. To deriving the characteristics of university living lab, we analyzed the background, goals, methods, and implications
of each case. The University of British Columbia operated a living lab centered on university buit-in environment. Students and
faculty members participated in the living lab as proconsumers. D University operated a living lab as part of industry - academia
cooperation and regional cooperation. The local community was set up as a living lab and knowledge providers, students, and users,
local citizens, solved the problem jointly. Although the methods of living labs are different from each other, they are introducing
new research and education methods and utilizing participatory governance.
학술지공학교육연구21권 6호 108~117p / 2018년 11월
Given the substantial industrial and economic contributions of university start-ups, a growing number of studies have adopted the ecosystem
perspectives to systematically explain creating start-ups in universities. Despite the huge theoretical potential, few studies have analyzed
the complex, complimentary interactions of the core components in the university entrepreneurship ecosystems (UEEs). Addressing the
limitation, this research not only discusses the role of the core ecosystem components, such as patents, entrepreneurship education, and
student entrepreneurship clubs, but also analyzes their discrete and complimentary effects on the productivity of UEEs. Based on a
national survey of universities, this study shows that all the core components have a positive effect on the ecosystem productivity.
More importantly, this study investigated the complimentary relationships among components and tested the moderation effects of both
the entrepreneurship education and the student clubs on the relationship between the patents and the productivity of UEEs. The analysis
results show that the student clubs intensify the patents’ positive effect on the productivity of UEEs. The research results could provide
the crucial policy insights for the successful design of UEEs.
학술지공학교육연구21권 6호 99~107p / 2018년 11월
The purpose of this study is to establish and propose educational vision of chemical engineering field in order to search for academic
identity and future education direction in chemical engineering field. In order to achieve this research purpose, we investigate the
literature and data on the vision, educational goals, and curriculum of the department of chemical engineering in domestic and foreign
universities. We also analyze the SWOT of internal and external environmental factors respectively. The validity of the proposal
was verified through delphi survey with delphi panels and the vision was developed by revising and improving upon the opinions
of professionals. The vision is comprised of the value and mission of learning, the educational purpose, and the educational goal.
The first stage is value and mission of chemical engineering. The educational purposes and the educational goals are divided into
‘Department of Chemical Engineering’ and ‘Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering’. The application of the educational
vision of chemical engineering field is as follows. First, we expect that the vision to be a valuable, philosophical, and theoretical
basis for establishing educational objectives and goals in the field of chemical engineering. Hopefully, it will be used as a general
education goal for the top-level education. Second, we hope that the vision will be used to develop customized vision, customized
educational purpose, and educational goals that reflect the characteristics of region, departments, graduates, and educational needs
in the field of chemical engineering. Finally, we hope that these results will be the starting point to discuss the educational vision
in the department of chemical engineering.
학술지공학교육연구21권 6호 90~98p / 2018년 11월
This paper proposes a framework of engineering education for product development processes based on product data management
(PDM) software and 3D printing. The PDM software supports the product development process-oriented educational coursework,
collaborative team projects and project-based learning environment. The 3D printing supports the prototyping step in the product
development process and helps participants consider physical realization of their designs during the product design and development
phases. The framework was implemented in an introductory course for engineering students to product design and development,
and author found that it is important to support rich communication among participants including lecturers, teaching assistants and
students to enhance the quality of education and to overcome the burden of learning various computer-aided tools and 3D printing
techniques needed for the framework.
학술지공학교육연구21권 6호 81~89p / 2018년 11월
Patents have been recognized as a core knowledge asset which are closely related with company's technological competitiveness. However,
only a small portion of patents are actually contributing to the profit of the company. In addition, it costs a lot of money continuously
to maintain the patent rights regardless of their values. Thus, effective methodologies are required to create patents with high values.
It is examined what kind of differences exist between high value patents and the others in the use of TRIZ methodologies. For the
purpose, we analyzed the US granted patents of Samsung Electronics. The analysis shows that there is no significant difference in
the use of inventive principles, but high value patents utilize 'separation by condition' the most where as the others 'separation by space'
the most frequently in the use of separation principles. In the use of standard solutions, high value patents use the 'class 2' principles
frequently than the others.
학술지공학교육연구21권 6호 74~80p / 2018년 11월
This paper proposes practical teaching methods for efficient progress of project-based learning in engineering design education. Engineering
design courses consist of three categories; introductory, individual and capstone design courses. This study concentrates on the case
of individual design courses. Individual design courses act as bridges between introductory and capstone design courses and deal with
applicable projects based on theoretical frameworks. In this study, practical teaching methods are applied to Artificial Intelligence curriculum
as an individual design course for Juniors in Computer Engineering Major. The results on application of practical teaching methods
show relatively positive in all aspects.
학술지공학교육연구21권 6호 63~73p / 2018년 11월
This research aims to analyze core competencies of engineering students in Korea as well as to explore the application plans of extracurricular
activities(hereafter, ECA) and programs in order to enhance their core competencies. Participation in ECA has long been recognized
as having positive benefits and impacts upon students. To achieve the purpose of this study, first, we investigated whether there were
differences between core competencies in undergraduates according to majors, gender and grades. ‘Core competencies’, first introduced
in management theory as ‘core competency' can be defined as personal attributes or underlining characteristics, capable of delivering
a role or job. ‘Core competencies’ has received particular attention in recent years and there has been much related research (domestic
and foreign) combined with diverse factors. However, few studies have addressed the question on engineering student’s core competencies
as well as the ways of their enhancement. This study was conducted with a total of 286 students, and core competencies have been
measured online, through K-CESA. Our findings show that firstly, there were significant differences in undergraduate students’ core
competencies by majors. Engineering students scored significantly lower in core competencies overall. Second, there was no significant
difference in students’ core competencies by gender and grade. Third, there was a significant correlation among components of core
competencies. Finally, there was a significant correlation between core competencies and grades(GPA, grades in major subject & liberal
arts subject), rather levels in the correlation were low. Furthermore, the study suggested that the appropriate application of extracurricular
activities would enhance core competencies of students.
학술지공학교육연구21권 6호 54~62p / 2018년 11월
This study is an analysis of the process of the discovery of the DNA double helix structure from an engineering literacy education
perspective. The explanation of the DNA double helix structure by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1952 is a well-known scientific
episode. The process is also a combination of various incidents that can frequently happen in competitive engineering research and
development situations. Therefore, the process of the discovery of the DNA structure is a remarkable event that can cover all subjects,
such as engineering and ethics, research ethics, communication between researchers, engineering and leadership, engineering and teamwork,
and engineering and women. This paper focuses on analyzing the research ethics issues associated with Rosalind Franklin and comparing
and analyzing the three teams that were very close to the discovery of the DNA structure. By looking at why the Watson and Crick
team got the final answer instead of the Linus Pauling’s team or the Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin’s team, the virtues of
the technology development process that should be taught in engineering literacy education will be naturally presented.