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제목 ASEE - First Bell (July 9, 2019) 등록일 2019.07.10
Good morning July 9, 2019

Leading the News

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American, European Automakers Worried For Future Shortages Of Materials For EV Batteries

Bloomberg Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Stringer) reports American and European automakers and trading houses “are becoming more concerned about future supply shortages of key materials needed for electric vehicle batteries as spending on new production soars, according to” Sam Riggall, the CEO of Clean TeQ Holdings Ltd., which is “the developer of a $1.5 billion project in Australia” for nickel, cobalt, and scandium. In an interview on Monday, Riggall said, “It’s dawning on North America and Europe that there’s a raw materials issue that needs to be addressed here.” He added, “For the previous two years, I’ve been wearing out a lot of shoe leather and banging on a lot of doors trying to get interest in Europe and North America with very little success. In the last six months things have changed quite dramatically.”

        Volkswagen To Expand Alliances With Battery Suppliers, Board Member Says Volkswagen “will create joint ventures and help finance battery production to persuade skeptical cell suppliers to back its aggressive push for mass producing electric vehicles, board member Stefan Sommer told” Reuters Share
to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Taylor), which reports the automaker “has said it will buy 50 billion euros ($56.57 billion) worth of battery cells and has identified Sweden’s Northvolt, South Korea’s SKI (096770. KS), LG Chem (051910. KS) and Samsung SDI (006400. KS) as well as China’s CATL (300750. SZ) as strategic partners.” Sommer said, “Not every supplier is convinced that electric mobility will come on such a large scale. You need to spend more time convincing them to invest in the auto industry.” He added, “These producers need to prioritize between making a new smartphone or building a new battery factory. So even the battery cell producers are asking: will production volumes scale up quickly?”

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Higher Education

Massachusetts Legislature Considers Student Borrower Protections

The Boston Globe Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8) reports Massachusetts state Sen. Eric Lesser and state Rep. Natalie Higgins have filed “student loan bill of rights” legislation “which would create the position of student loan ombudsman within the attorney general’s office and require state licensing of student loan servicers.” The Globe refers to a report from the Hildreth Institute, a “Boston nonprofit focused on college affordability,” which indicates that “five states so far this year have passed new laws aimed at protecting student loan borrowers, with three more ‘steps away’ from doing so and similar bills filed in a handful of others, including Massachusetts.” The group’s report “says states have been left with ‘no choice’ but to pass such bills ‘in the absence of federal leadership on regulating the loan servicing industry.’” The report “cited a March report from the US Department of Education’s inspector general, which the institute said ‘shows an alarming picture of the government systematically failing to oversee its student loan servicing agency.’”

        The Springfield (MA) Republican Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8) reports Lesser, speaking Monday before a hearing of the state Committee on Consumer Protection and Professional Licensure, described the positive impact that having a student loan ombudsman had for a Connecticut resident. The piece quotes Lesser saying, “This is really a silent tax on an entire generation and is holding hundreds of thousands of people back in our state.” In addition to Lesser’s “student loan bill of rights” legislation, “the Massachusetts Senate passed a bill Wednesday regulating student loan servicers, which, if signed into law, will likely set up a clash between Massachusetts and the federal government.” The legislation “is part of a national attempt by states to regulate student loan servicers after President Donald Trump’s administration rolled back Obama-era federal protections for student borrowers.”

Minnesota Higher Ed Chancellor “Blitzes” State In Search of New Students For Workforce Development Program

The Minneapolis Star Tribune Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Koumpilova) reports, “The top leader of the Minnesota State higher education system is visiting 20 cities in four days this week to drum up interest in a new scholarship program – and new business for college campuses eager for more students.” Chancellor Devinder Malhotra “is hosting media, employers and lawmakers at community colleges across the state to promote the system’s workforce development scholarships, which started as a $1 million pilot project this past school year to draw students to high-demand occupations.” This spring, Minnesota “put up $7 million more toward the program,” though the state higher education system “is bracing for another enrollment dip after years of declines.”

Student Loans Encourage Some To “Abandon Their Dreams”

CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Nova) reports, “Student loans are having a perverse effect: The very debt that’s taken on to allow someone to pursue their ambitions can later morph into a burden that requires them to ditch those plans and grab any job that will just pay the bills.” CNBC says, “More than half of people who owe $55,000 or more in student debt say they took a job outside of their field, compared with 29% of those with no debt, according to new research by Mark Kantrowitz, publisher of SavingforCollege.com.” CNBC writes, “Two economists recently calculated that students with debt tend to be less choosy in their careers” and “an additional $2,500 in education loans lowers an individual’s likelihood of being employed in a job closely related to their major by nearly 5 percentage points, they found.”

From ASEE

ASEE TV Programming from the 2019 Annual Conference
See higlihgts of the Monday and Tuesday plenary sessions.  

View the full playlist here

Research and Development

Musk Predicts Tesla Will Begin Installing Autonomous Vehicle Chip By End Of Q4 2019

Business Insider Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Matousek) reports that “after being asked when Tesla would upgrade vehicles that were not manufactured with the chip,” Tesla CEO Elon Musk on Sunday tweeted Share to FacebookShare to Twitter that he anticipates the company will begin installations of the chips by the “end of Q4, most likely,” in models built near the end of 2016. According to Business Insider, the chips are already included in recent Tesla models.

        Musk: Price Of Teslas To Rise After Fully Autonomous Models Become Available TechRadar Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Ellis) reports that Musk “has long insisted that a Tesla represents an investment that will appreciate in value over time, which led one Twitter follower to enquire whether customers had a limited time to snap one up,” and in his “typically reactionary style, Musk replied simply ‘Yes,’ but later backpedalled a little and explained that the company would still sell cars, but at much higher prices than it charges currently.” Musk tweeted Share to FacebookShare to Twitter, “To be clear, consumers will still be able to buy a Tesla, but the clearing price will rise significantly, as a fully autonomous car that can function as a robotaxi is several times more valuable than a non-autonomous car.”

        Analysis Discusses How Tesla Is Having Trouble Appealing To Women A USA Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Bomey) analysis reports that women have a much lower probability of purchasing an electric vehicle than men do. Jane Reed, a special education advocate who drives a Kia Soul, said, “No offense to men – because I love you guys dearly – but when it comes to buying a car, women are a little more practical when looking at those needs than men are.” Reed continued, “I think we tend to look at Tesla more as toys.” According to USA Today, that’s an issue “for electric vehicle makers as they invest heavily in battery-powered cars,” adding that it’s especially “troubling for Tesla, which is facing significant pressure to jolt sales amid concerns among investors that interest in the company’s electric vehicles is peaking.” Concerns regarding “the practicality of electric cars – notably the fact that they can run out of a charge and carry a higher sticker price – and a distaste for the macho image projected by Tesla CEO Elon Musk are among the reasons why the company is struggling to sell vehicles to women, analysts said.”

Northland Community And Technical College Receives $7 Million From NSF For Autonomous Tech Research

The Grand Forks (ND) Herald Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Mook) reports that Northland Community and Technical College’s National Center for Autonomous Technologies “will join the National Science Foundation’s large circle of Advanced Technological Education Centers located throughout the country.” The center “will launch this month, and Northland will be bringing on additional full-time positions to support the center.” The new center “will focus on air, land and sea autonomous technologies, such as unmanned aircraft systems, connected automated vehicles and unmanned underwater vehicles.”

UA Engineer Receives NSF Grant For Work On Making Devices More Energy-Efficient

KGUN-TV Share to FacebookShare to Twitter Tucson, AZ (7/8) reports, “A University of Arizona professor and his team are looking to transform how our devices store information.” KGUN says, “UA electrical and computer engineering professor, Tosiron Adegbija, is working on advancing STTRAM tech so that it eventually replaces SRAM.” Adegbija’s research “is funded by a five-year, $500,000 Faculty Early Career Development Award from the National Science Foundation.”

Big Tech Development Of Robots Likely To Outpace Self-Driving Technologies

TheStreet Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Ray) reports that tech giants’ focus in recent years on the “effort to develop autonomous vehicles, including the Waymo self-driving car project at Alphabet,” is “obscuring more realistic attempts by Big Tech to put robots into service.” Companies such as Facebook, Amazon, Google, and Samsung “have all contributed funding to a new ‘open research commons’ on the University of California at Berkeley campus that is under the auspices of Berkeley’s A.I. lab” as part of an overall push for robot development. Potential developments include robot systems that “will be that they’re tied to the vast cloud computing resources and machine learning efforts of the tech giants” and that will be “less ambitious a gamble than self-driving cars.”

NASA’s Next Mars Rover Gets New Tools

SPACE Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8) reports that “in preparation for its upcoming mission to the Red Planet, the Mars 2020 rover got a couple of new handy tools.” SPACE says “NASA engineers recently installed an autopilot navigation unit, a new camera and a robotic arm on the rover to help it land and collect and identify samples from Mars.” Terrain-Relative Navigation, “the rover’s new autopilot navigation tool, will help Mars 2020 avoid hazards during its landing on the Martian surface.” After landing, “the Mars 2020 rover will use its newly installed SuperCam Mast Unit to identify the chemical and mineral composition of its targets, employing the SuperCam’s camera, laser and spectrometers.” In addition, “the rover also got a handy new part: a robotic arm that will allow Mars 2020 to operate like a human geologist on Mars.”

Engineered Bacteria May Allow For Immunotherapy Delivery To Solid Tumors, Mice Trials Suggest

FierceBiotech Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Weintraub) reports a Columbia Engineering research group demonstrated that an engineered bacteria strain “can deliver immunotherapy drugs straight to solid tumors” in mice trials. The researchers are designing “studies to further prove out its strategy of attaching a cancer-fighting nanobody to engineered E. coli. The researchers are also planning safety studies in a range of solid tumors, which could lead to clinical trials in people.”

Workforce

Opinion: AI To Impact Labor Market

Forbes Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Freeland) contributor and BCG senior partner Grant Freeland writes about the impact artificial intelligence may have “on jobs, not only on the nature of work itself, but on the availability of work.” AI’s smart technologies “likely will impact the labor market, as all new labor-substitution technologies do, affecting some occupations more than others.” In a recent report, a BCG team “suggests the occupations most at risk are those stereotypically held by women: bank tellers, clerical and administrative positions, teachers.” Brookings, on the other hand, “suggests that jobs typically performed by men, truck driving and working on factory assembly lines, for example, are slightly more at risk.”

Tech Workers’ Activism Continues, But Unionizing Remains Distant Prospect

The New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Conger, Scheiber) reports, “Tech workers at Silicon Valley’s largest companies have engaged in an unusual degree of activism over the past few years,” but a “failed unionization effort at NPM shows the obstacles to employee activism in the tech industry, and how moving from speaking out for change to collective bargaining so far remains a distant prospect.” Labor advocates say there are limits to what tech workers can achieve without unionizing, but “tech workers who aim to unionize face challenges,” such as “see[ing] their bosses as friendly peers.”

Global Developments

Rolls-Royce To Allot More Resources To Hybrid-Electric Research In Germany

Aviation Week Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Osborne) reports that “Rolls-Royce plans to strengthen its hybrid-electric and propulsion research activities in Brandenburg, Germany.” The company said July 8 that it plans to enlarge its Dahlewitz facilities in order to strengthen work on hybrid-electric 400kW-1000kW propulsion systems development. The company “aims to build on its existing cooperation with Brandenburg Technical University.”

        Aviation International News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Buyck) reports that “Rolls-Royce on Monday inked an agreement with the state of Brandenburg to create a so-called ecosystem for hybrid-electric drive systems for aircraft in the German region.” The deal “marks another step in the UK engine manufacturer’s electrification strategy and its ambition to play a major role in what it describes as the ‘third era’ of aviation.” Rolls-Royce Deutschland Chairman Dirk Geisinger said, “With the acquisition of the Siemens eAircraft business, we are investing in Germany and Hungary already. Adding Brandenburg with the BTU and regional partners to that effort would be an exciting next step.”

Baidu Partners With Geely, Toyota On AI Platform

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Sun, Shirouzu) reports Baidu “has joined hands with Zhejiang Geely Holding Group and Japan’s Toyota Motor Corp to cooperate on areas related to artificial intelligence (AI) amid a push for self-driving cars.” Reuters adds that under the terms of the deal, Geely and Toyota will join Baidu’s autonomous driving platform Apollo while Baidu will also “provide Apollo Minibus, a software product for autonomous bus vehicles, to Toyota’s e-Palette vehicles in the future, and will work with the automaker to explore more uses of autonomous driving technologies, said Li Zhenyu, vice president of Baidu who is in charge of its intelligent driving unit.” According to Reuters, Baidu will additionally work with Geely “in AI applications such as intelligent connectivity and smart mobility, Baidu CEO Robin Li and Geely Chairman Li Shufu said at Baidu Create 2019, a yearly gathering where the company shows its advances in AI.”

Industry News

Report: Autonomous Cars, Vehicle Electrification Driving Paradigm Shift In Auto Industry

In a piece for Forbes Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8), contributor Jack R. Nerad writes that autonomous driving and vehicle electrification will change the world, according to a report from McKinsey & Company that “identifies the far-reaching and widespread implications of the imminent changes in mobility for consumers all around the world.” Also, “increased connectivity and a move to vehicle- and ride-sharing” are two other technologies that tranform the car business. Nerad concludes that “from the products themselves to the companies that make them to the customers that buy them, the auto industry is in for the paradigm shift of all paradigm shifts.”

Engineering and Public Policy

Dorgan and Barbour: Carbon Capture Technology Could Pave Way For Clean Energy

In an opinion piece for The Hill Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8) Byron Dorgan and Haley Barbour say that the world will continue to use fossil fuels for the foreseeable future, and coming to terms with that is something that the “country must come to terms with if we are to create and commercialize technologies that respond to the global demand for reduced greenhouse gas emissions and position our economy to thrive in the process.” The authors advocate the use of “direct air capture, which uses emerging advanced systems to remove carbon dioxide directly from the ambient air, and safely stores the carbon dioxide or redirects it for commercial purposes.” The writers say that in addition to “carbon capture and storage technologies, direct air capture is today increasingly viewed by energy experts as an integral component to the transition to a low carbon future.”

        Harvard Professor Proposes “World Carbon Bank” To Help Emerging Countries Reduce Emissions In an op-ed for the Boston Globe Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8), Kenneth Rogoff, a former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund, and a professor of economics and public policy at Harvard University, writes, that “emerging Asia is the main driver of the world’s growing carbon dioxide emissions.” In order for the”right incentives” to be estabilshed “for countries such as China, India, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Bangladesh,” Rogoff proposes the creation of a World Carbon Bank that “provides a vehicle for advanced economies to coordinate aid and technical transfer.”

EPA Aims To Permanently Close Door On Challenges To Rollback Of Clean Power Plan

Bloomberg Environment Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Smith, Subscription Publication) reports the Trump administration’s legal strategy for rolling back “Obama-era power plant carbon dioxide controls goes beyond simply arguing it has the right to regulate differently, to contend that its way is the only way.” If it succeeds, the Environmental Protection Agency “could close the door on any future Democratic administration using that section of the Clean Air Act to expansively regulate climate-warming emissions from power plants.” However, the legal tactic under the legal doctrine known as Chevron deference is “also risky, critics and supporters both say.” If the argument fails, the EPA’s “repeal and replacement of the Obama-era rule, known as the Clean Power Plan,” could be sent “back to the agency for a redo.”

        Health Organizations Sue Over Rollback Of Obama Era Emissions Rule The Hill Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Beitsch) reports two major health organizations on Monday “sued the Trump administration over its rollback of an Obama-era rule on power plant emissions.” The American Lung Association and the American Public Health Association are “challenging President Trump’s newly unveiled American Clean Energy (ACE) rule, the administration’s replacement for the Obama administration’s Clean Power Plan.” In a statement, the two groups said, “In repealing the Clean Power Plan and adopting the ACE rule, EPA abdicates its legal duties and obligations to protect public health under the Clean Air Act, which is why we are challenging these actions.”

Iowa Officials Say Proposals To Expand Truck Length, Weight Will ‘Set Back Efforts’ To Improve Infrastructure

The Cedar Rapids (IA) Gazette Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Schmidt) reports that some Iowa officials “have called attention to the size of the trucks on the roads.” In June, “more than 50 Iowa leaders – including mayors, county supervisors and engineers, joined more than 1,000 officials across the country in a letter to Congress expressing opposition to proposals to allow for increased truck length or weight.” The letter says, “Local communities and our residents are what drive this country. We work every day to make sure the needs and safety of our residents are met. Allowing heavier and longer trucks will most certainly set us back in our efforts.”

California Bill Could Significantly Increase Rebates For EV Buyers

The San Francisco Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Gardiner) reports that “California could triple the rebate it gives to drivers who purchase zero-emission cars under a San Francisco lawmaker’s bill that seeks to put the state on track to meet its goals to combat climate change.” Democratic Assemblyman Phil Ting’s legislation, AB1046, “would let state regulators increase a typical consumer’s rebate for an electric car to up to $7,500 and provide a stable pot of funding for the payments.” California aims “to have 5 million zero-emission vehicles on the road by 2030,” and “there are now an estimated 550,000 such cars in the state, including electric and hydrogen-fuel-cell vehicles.”

Elementary/Secondary Education

Amplify Science Becomes NYC Middle Schools’ New “Core” Science Curriculum

Chalkbeat Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Amin) reports that the New York City education department has selected Amplify Science as the “recommended choice for teaching 6th, 7th, and 8th graders about science starting this fall.” In 2016, “state education officials adopted new standards for teaching science, based in part on the national Next Generation Science Standards, or NGSS.” These guidelines “emphasize studying natural scientific phenomena – events that happen in everyday life – and teaching students how to collaborate with others, comprehend complex topics, and tackle problems that might have multiple solutions.” The NYC education department “made Amplify its ‘core curriculum’ because officials judged it most aligned with state standards.” The curriculum “has already been the recommended, or ‘core,’ choice for K-5 since last school year, with about 600 elementary schools opting to purchase it.”

Analysis: “Career Readiness” Preparation Comes To Middle Schools

The Hechinger Report Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/7) writes that “[building] career planning into curricula for children at earlier and earlier ages” is an emerging trend “in school districts around the country.” The Hechinger Report writes, “Having long focused on readying students for college, school systems are beefing up their career-and-technical programs amid a growing push to more closely align the skills students accumulate in school with workforce needs.” Now, some school districts “are pushing this job exploration into middle and even elementary school, convinced that helping students connect what they are learning to careers will not only deepen their engagement but also help them make more informed decisions about their educational paths.” KQED-FM Share to FacebookShare to Twitter San Francisco (7/8) also ran this story.

Opinion: Students Study Science For Its Own Intrinsic Worth, Not Practicality

Forbes Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Orzel) science columnist Chad Orzel writes, “Most STEM students have picked their major subject because something about it catches their interest or fires a passion for that subject, not for a future paycheck,” adding that “this is especially true of those who persevere to the level of graduate study.” Orzel says that “in the end, scientists choose to study science for the same reason anybody chooses to study any subject in detail: because something about the subject inspires us to pursue it in a way that transcends concerns about practicality.”

Baltimore High School Promotes CTE Pathways

The Seventy Four Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Hawkins) writes, “Located in an old vocational training center in Catonsville, 9 miles west of downtown Baltimore, Western Tech is one of three career and technical education magnet high schools operated by the district (other district schools offer some CTE classes).” The Seventy Four says that “demand is great” and “the school is at maximum capacity, enrolling some 900 students from all over the county, according to Principal Murray Parker III.” Western Tech’s career pathways “include health sciences, automotive service technology, environmental technology and sports science,” and in several tracks, “students graduate with both a high school diploma and an industry-recognized career certificate.”

Opinion: US Should Invest More In Computer Science Education

In an opinion piece for the Seventy Four Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (7/8, Ashton), Digital Pioneers Academy CEO Mashea Ashton writes, “The newest craze in tech is 5G wireless speeds,” and “all the major carriers are racing to be the first to upgrade their coverage speed, investing up to $1 trillion to develop infrastructure for nationwide 5G by 2020.” Yet, Ashton says, “As we steadily become more digital, the need for computer-savvy job candidates continues to grow,” though “almost 50 percent of students still have no access to computer science courses in school.” Ashton writes that the US “is creating a 5G network, but we’re not developing a 5G workforce,” which is “like creating a highway system without teaching driver’s ed.”

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